## "All Riddles"

#### 3 Switches

You are standing in front of a room with one lightbulb inside of it. You cannot see if it is on or off. Outside the room there are 3 switches in the off positions. You may turn the switches any way you want to. You stop turning the switches, enter the room and know which switch controls the lightbulb. How?

A:
You turn 2 switches "on" and leave 1 switch "off" and wait about a minute. Then enter the room, but just before you enter, turn one switch from "on" to "off".

Once in the room, feel the lightbulb - if it is warm, but off, it has to be the last switch you turned off. If it is on, it has to be the switch left on. If it is cold and is off, it has to be the switch you left in the off position.

#### One Through Nine

How can you make 100 using the numbers 1 to 9 only once each?

A:
9*8+7+6+5+4+3+2+1 = 100

#### Wolf and Lamb

There are 3 wolves and 3lambs on the left side of the river.

There is a boat that can hold 2 animals at a time.

Unfortunately if there are more wolves than lambs on one side all the lambs onthat side will get killed.So how do you get all the animals across the river with out anyone getting killed.

A:
Have 2 wolves go over.Have 1 wolf come backand get a lamb.Without the lamb getting out drop the wolf off.Then go back get another lamb and drop them off. Now there are 2 wolves and 2lambs on 1 side and 1 wolf and 1 lamb on the other.have 1 wolf from the right side go get the lamb from the left and then have it go get the other wolfon the left.

#### The Golden Apple

In marble hall as white as milk,

lined with skin as soft as silk, with in a fountain cristal clear a golden apple does appear. no doors there are to this strong hold Yet theifs brake in and steal the gold

A:
an eeg

#### Fox, Goose and a Sack of Corn

A man went on a trip with a fox, a goose and a sack of corn. He came upon a stream which he had to cross and found a tiny boat to use to cross the stream. He could only take himself and one other – the fox, the goose, or the corn – at a time. He could not leave the fox alone with the goose or the goose alone with the corn. How does he get all safely over the stream?

A:
Take the goose over first and come back. Then take the fox over and bring the goose back. Now take the corn over and come back alone to get the goose. Take the goose over and the job is done!

#### Easily Given

I am always good to have, but I may not be what you want.  I am can be easily given, but not so easily obtained. What am I?

A:

#### Three hats

The three wisest sages in the land were brought before the king to see which of them were worthy to become the king’s advisor. After passing many tests of cunning and invention, they were pitted against each other in a final battle of the wits.

Led blind-folded into a small room, the sages were seated around a small wooden table as the king described the test for them.

“Upon each of your heads I have placed a hat. Now you are either wearing a blue hat or a white hat. All I will tell you is this- at least one of you is wearing a blue hat. There may be only one blue hat and two white hats, there may be two blue hats and one white hat, or there may be three blue hats. But you may be certain that there are not three white hats.”

“I will shortly remove your blind folds, and the test will begin. The first to correctly announce the color of his hat shall be my adviser.  Be warned however, he who guesses wrongly shall be beheaded. If not one of you answers within the hour, you will be sent home and I will seek elsewhere for wisdom.”

With that, the king uncovered the sages’ eyes and sat in the corner and waited. One sage looked around and saw that his competitors each were wearing blue hats. From the look in their eyes he could see their thoughts were the same as his, “What is the color of my hat?”

For what seemed like hours no one spoke. Finally he stood up and said, “The color of the hat I am wearing is…”

A:
..."Blue." At first glance, this problem appears to be impossible to solve. Contributing to this is the feeling that the King's only real clue- that there is at least one blue hat- is useless since the sage can clearly see that there are at least two blue hats.

Don't feel bad if you sat stuck on this one for a while: as the puzzle clearly states, so did the three wisest sages in the kingdom. It is this fact that allowed our sage to give his answer. In truth, any one of them would have come up with it, given enough time. Why?

Consider a situation which we knew was not the case- that there was exactly one blue hat. What would happen? There would be a split second of pondering by the person wearing that hat, and he would say "I am wearing a blue hat." No real puzzle there, but of course there wasn't just one blue hat. The important fact is that everyone knew there was not one blue hat. But more importantly than that, everyone knew, or could quickly figure out that everyone else knew this (by the fact that answer was did not come out in the first few seconds.)

This leaves everyone wondering, "Are there two or three blue hats?"

Consider this less obvious situation- that there were exactly two blue hats. This seems a very real possibility at first, after all, we can see exactly two blue hats. So everyone sits and thinks- for a little while. But if there are only two hats, then two people see one blue and one white hat. These two people will very quickly, by virtue of the other's silence, rule out the possibility that there is only one blue hat. One of these two lucky sages would cry blue within a few short minutes, if that long.

There is only one case which forces the three sages to sit in silence- three blue hats. Our sage, through his sharp wits was the first to reach this conclusion.

#### Letters and words

What is three-seventh of a chicken,two-thirds of a car and half of a goat?

A:
Chicago

#### What is it?

This relative is very old, I have a face, but cannot see, I Have two hands that cannot hold things. What am I?

A:
A grandfather clock.

#### Poor Men

Poor men have me, rich men need me, i’m a force more evil than satan, and more powerful than God. What am I?

A:
Nothing
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